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转载 看3D电影对小朋友有危害吗

林健 主治医师 连云港市妇幼保健院 眼科
2017-09-26 216人已读
林健 主治医师
连云港市妇幼保健院

电影技术日新月异,3D电影在今天已经十分普遍。在今天的文章里,我们就来解答各位家长的疑问。

从2010年起,有部分3D设备的厂商警告用户,不要让6岁以下的儿童长时间使用3D。(Following the lead of Nintendo, several 3-D device companies have issued warnings about children's use of their new products. The original Nintendo warning, in late 2010, urged parents to prevent children under age 6 years from prolonged viewing of the device's digital images, in order to avoid possible damage to visual development.)

但是,科学界内极具权威的美国眼科协会(the American Academy of Ophthalmology, AAO)声明,暂时没有发现任何3D电影会损害儿童视觉的确凿证据,也没有任何具有说服力的理论能阐明3D电影损害儿童视觉的可能机理。(At this time there are no conclusive studies on the short- and/or long-term effects of 3-D digital products on eye and visual development, health, or function in children, nor are there persuasive, conclusive theories on how 3-D digital products could
cause damage in children with healthy eyes.)

小朋友的立体视觉在他们6个月大时就已经十分成熟,在3岁时就基本完成了发育。这个发育过程就是建立在他们每一天的自然「3D」生活环境里。(The development of normal 3-D vision in children is stimulated as they use their eyes in day-to-day social and natural environments, and this development is largely complete by age three years.)

美国眼科协会建议,如果孩子在使用3D产品时不停得抱怨头痛、说自己眼睛「累」、没有办法看清图像,那么孩子可能患有一些视觉功能上的异常(调节、立体视觉的问题),建议前往医院就诊,接受专业检查。(If a healthy child consistently develops headaches or tired eyes or cannot clearly see the images when using 3-D digital products, this may indicate a vision or eye disorder. If such problems occur, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that the child be given a comprehensive exam by an ophthalmologist (an Eye M.D.)此外,3D技术可能会使大脑产生混淆、负担过重,正常儿童也可能会出现不适感。

最后,我们也要提醒广大家长,电影院里的3D眼镜很多都没有经过规范的消毒,即便孩子完全健康,也要注意感染性眼病的发生。

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林健 主治医师

连云港市妇幼保健院 眼科

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